Giuliani Targeted in Criminal Probe 08/16 06:08
ATLANTA (AP) -- Rudy Giuliani is a target of the criminal investigation into
possible illegal attempts by then-President Donald Trump and others to
interfere in the 2020 general election in Georgia, prosecutors informed
attorneys for the former New York mayor on Monday.
The revelation that Giuliani, an outspoken Trump defender, could face
criminal charges from the investigation by Fulton County District Attorney Fani
Willis edges the probe closer to the former president. Willis has said she is
considering calling Trump himself to testify before the special grand jury, and
the former president has hired a criminal defense attorney in Atlanta.
Law enforcement scrutiny of Trump has escalated dramatically. Last week, the
FBI searched his Florida home as part of its investigation into whether he took
classified records from the White House to Mar-a-Lago. He is also facing a
civil investigation in New York over allegations that his company, the Trump
Organization, misled banks and tax authorities about the value of his assets.
And the Justice Department is investigating the Jan. 6 insurrection at the U.S.
Capitol by Trump supporters as well as efforts by him and his allies to
overturn the election he falsely claimed was stolen.
Giuliani, who spread false claims of election fraud in Atlanta's Fulton
County as he led election-challenging efforts in Georgia, is to testify
Wednesday before a special grand jury that was impaneled at Willis' request.
Giuliani's lawyer declined to say whether he would answer questions or decline.
Special prosecutor Nathan Wade alerted Giuliani's team in Atlanta that he
was an investigation target, Giuliani attorney Robert Costello said Monday.
News of the disclosure was first reported by The New York Times.
Speaking on a New York radio show Monday, Giuliani said he had been serving
as Trump's attorney in Georgia.
"You do this to a lawyer, we don't have America anymore," he said.
Earlier Monday, a federal judge said U.S. Sen. Lindsey Graham must testify
before the special grand jury. Prosecutors have said they want to ask Graham
about phone calls they say he made to Georgia Secretary of State Brad
Raffensperger and his staff in the weeks following the election.
Willis's investigation was spurred by a phone call between Trump and
Raffensperger. During that January 2021 conversation, Trump suggested that
Raffensperger "find" the votes needed to reverse his narrow loss in the state.
Willis last month filed petitions seeking to compel testimony from seven
Trump associates and advisers.
In seeking Giuliani's testimony, Willis identified him as both a personal
attorney for Trump and a lead attorney for his campaign. She wrote that he and
others appeared at a state Senate committee meeting and presented a video that
Giuliani said showed election workers producing "suitcases" of unlawful ballots
from unknown sources, outside the view of election poll watchers.
Within 24 hours of that Dec. 3, 2020, hearing, Raffensperger's office had
debunked the video. But Giuliani continued to make statements to the public and
in subsequent legislative hearings claiming widespread voter fraud using the
debunked video, Willis wrote.
Evidence shows that Giuliani's hearing appearance and testimony were "part
of a multi-state, coordinated plan by the Trump Campaign to influence the
results of the November 2020 election in Georgia and elsewhere," her petition
Two of the election workers seen in the video, Ruby Freeman and Wandrea
"Shaye" Moss, said they faced relentless harassment online and in person after
it was shown at a Dec. 3 Georgia legislative hearing where Giuliani appeared.
At another hearing a week later, Giuliani said the footage showed the women
"surreptitiously passing around USB ports as if they are vials of heroin or
cocaine." They actually were passing a piece of candy.
Willis also wrote in a petition seeking the testimony of attorney Kenneth
Chesebro that he worked with Giuliani to coordinate and carry out a plan to
have Georgia Republicans serve as fake electors. Those 16 people signed a
certificate declaring falsely that Trump had won the 2020 presidential election
and declaring themselves the state's "duly elected and qualified" electors even
though Joe Biden had won the state and a slate of Democratic electors was
All 16 of those fake electors have received letters saying they are targets
of the investigation, Willis said in a court filing last month.
As for Graham, attorneys for the South Carolina Republican have argued that
his position as a U.S. senator provides him immunity from having to appear
before the investigative panel. But U.S. District Judge Leigh Martin May wrote
in an order Monday that immunities related to his role as a senator do not
protect him from having to testify. Graham's subpoena instructs him to appear
before the special grand jury on Aug. 23, but his office said Monday he plans
May last month rejected a similar attempt by U.S. Rep. Jody Hice, R-Ga., to
avoid testifying before the special grand jury.
Graham's office said in a statement Monday that the senator disagrees with
the judge's interpretation of the provision of the Constitution he believes
protects him from being questioned by a state official. His lawyers have said
he was making inquiries that were part of his legislative duties, related to
certification of the vote and to a proposal of election-related legislation.
But the judge wrote that that ignores "the fact that individuals on the
calls have publicly suggested that Senator Graham was not simply engaged in
legislative factfinding but was instead suggesting or implying that Georgia
election officials change their processes or otherwise potentially alter the
In calls made shortly after the 2020 general election, Graham "questioned
Raffensperger and his staff about reexamining certain absentee ballots cast in
Georgia in order to explore the possibility of a more favorable outcome for
former President Donald Trump," Willis wrote in a petition.
Graham also "made reference to allegations of widespread voter fraud in the
November 2020 election in Georgia, consistent with public statements made by
known affiliates of the Trump Campaign," she wrote.
Republican and Democratic state election officials across the country,
courts and even Trump's attorney general have found there was no evidence of
voter fraud sufficient to affect the outcome of his 2020 presidential election
Trump-allied lawmakers were planning to challenge the tallies from several
battleground states when Congress convened on Jan. 6, 2021, to certify the
results under the Electoral Count Act, but after the Capitol attack that day
Georgia's tally was never contested.
Trump has denied any wrongdoing and has described his call to Raffensperger